Crisis Leadership In Civic State Building: The Case Of Clan Federalism In Somalia

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Mohamed Bile Hashi , Prof. Dr Oo Yu Hock


Leadership in critical situations is one of the most important components for crisis resolution. Under critical or pressing circumstances, crisis leadership becomes paramount to mitigating extenuating demands for immediate solutions.  Among the frequently cited traits of crisis leadership are response flexibility, lucid communication, instantaneous decision, cooperative action and alert-result watch.  Crisis leadership in the context of civic state building, as in the case of clan federalism in Somalia, is an example of its persistent importance to resolving the pervasive problems of incompatible social structure of the Somali community and clan-based federalism due to a host of issues  The latter includes an absence of powerful central government, dispersed interests of clans, conflicting personal interests of leaders, the misconception of the term federalism in Somali politics, containment and regime-change policy against states by the federal government, and finally lack of application of the uncompleted constitution.  This study, employing a qualitative approach of analyzing and interpreting focus-group interview-responses, seeks to understand the backdrop of dissenting clan-federalism in Somalia and the role of crisis leadership in mitigating and influencing the crisis situations and civic state-building agenda in order to facilitate the extenuating circumstances of resolving this long-drawn crisis in the country. In this way, the pertinent capacity-building knowledge and problem-solving skills of crisis leadership management can be acquired and improved to overcome the Somalia political dilemma in mission-plagued civic-state building for stable economic development and country growth in the public interest.  What and how such management can abate the political transition-reconstruction of a peaceful government for economic-wealth generation in Somalia would be a welcomed relief for characterizing its clan-inherited culture of governance.

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