The Problem And Obstacle Of The Thai-Malay Muslims’ Small And Medium Enterprises (Sme) In Southern Thailand’s Conflict

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Wanharong Binisris , Nadia Payo


The issue and challenges facing small and medium-sized companies (SME) in southern Thailand’s conflict are the subjects of this study; Yala, Pattani, and Narathiwat are southern border provinces with mixed Thai-Malay Muslim cultural influences. Accordingly, the purpose of this study was to answer the question, "What is the difficulty and obstacle of small and medium-sized firms of the Thai-Malay Muslims in the three southern border provinces of Thailand?" The procedure of this research comprises 1) the issue and barrier to small and medium-sized firms moving forward and 2) the fundamental requirements in supporting small and medium-sized enterprises.

The Office of Small and Medium Enterprise Promotion (OSMEP) members, who are listed as the legal representatives of a total of 97 businesses in Yala, Pattani, and Narathiwat, make up the sample groups of small and medium-sized firms (SME). The tool used in this research was a series of questionnaires (only 60 firms replied), which were separated into two parts: part 1, which covers basic information on SME owned by Thai-Malay Muslims in Thailand's three southern border provinces. Information about perceptions is included in part two. Additionally, there is a questionnaire for 15 entrepreneurs from the three southern border provinces who will be participating in in-depth interviews.

The study's findings revealed that 86.7 percent of respondents overall agreed that the business's source of finances is a challenge and disruption. Marketing and management come next.

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