Key Drivers Influencing Tribal Communities To Become Open Defecation Free: Case Of Dantewada District, Chhattisgarh In India

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Paritosh Pathak , Amit Adlakha, PhD , Prashant Pandey, M.Tech. , Divneet Kaur, PhD


The Swachh Bharat Mission has been successful in improving the sanitation condition across the nation in a very short span of time. The key approach adopted by the Government of India (GOI) was primarily Community Led Total Sanitation (CLTS) also termed as Community Approached to Total Sanitation (CATS). This paper attempts to identify the key drivers behind collective behaviour change of the tribal communities in Dantewada district of Chhattisgarh. In the study 102 respondents were selected randomly and interviewed across different open defecation free (ODF) villages through a questionnaire. The data was then analysed through SPSS which reveals that Supportive Environment, Institutional and Social Support, Personal Necessity, Issues with Open Defecation, Enhanced Awareness and Social Enforcement are the key drivers in improving the sanitation condition and making the district open defecation free. The study has practical policy implications which can help the implementing bodies to work for this cause more effectively.

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