Politeness Strategies Of Arabic And American Motivational Speeches: Comparative Study
Main Article Content
This study analyzes motivational speeches based on politeness strategies which achieve the analysis of Arabic and American motivational speeches to endeavor analyzing the functional pragmatics and language use in two cultures: Arabic and American. The aim of the study is to find out the politeness strategies in motivational speeches as intend by Brown & Levision’s (1987) Politeness Theory of politeness strategies in analyzing the data. The techniques used in this research is Over All Relative Frequency Percentage (ORFP) and qualitative research in addition to the descriptive qualitative research. The researcher tries to find out the kind of politeness strategies that hired on both Arabic and American motivational speeches and to analyze the motivational speeches of Arabic and American speakers with convenient sub strategies of each strategy of politeness. The results of the study reveal that the most frequently used type is the positive politeness type which is indicated on both Arabic and American Motivational speeches. Regarding the negative politeness on-record and off-record strategies are found out to be dissimilar which are conducted between Arabic Motivational speeches (AMS): (positive politeness 49%), on record 26%, negative politeness 8%, off record 17%. on the other hand American Motivational Speeches (MMS): Positive politeness with 40%, On record 20% , negative politeness 20%, off record 20% qualitative result interpreter the sub-strategies of 20 speakers selected from Arabic and American motivational speeches.