Effects Of Parental Involvement On Primary School Students' Academic Performance: A Descriptive Comparative Analysis

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Saima Skandar , Asia Amin , Misbah Noor


A study was conducted to examine parental involvement's effects on primary school students' academic performance. The objectives were; to determine the effects of parental involvement on primary school student's academic performance in District Sheikhupura; to compare academic achievements between girls and boys at the primary level; to find out which type of parental involvement most effect on student's academic achievement. The nature was descriptive comparative study. The study population was enrolled in all public primary schools (girls and boys) in district Sheikhpura. The sample consisted of 800 primary school students (girls and boys). There were 24 public schools in total; of which 400 were girls and 400 were boys’ students. Thirty-three students from each school were randomly selected. The 5-point Likert scale was developed. Based on the item analysis, 20 items were selected. The reliability of Cronbach's alpha was measured to be (r=0.862). There were six types of parental involvement. Research questions were analyzed using different analytical techniques such as percentages, frequencies, and means, standard deviations, and independent-samples t-tests. A regression analysis of the effect of parental involvement on academic performance showed that the first, second, and sixth categories of parental involvement (parenting, communication, and collaboration) had a significant impact on academic performance. On the other hand, there was no significant effect of parental involvement on third-, fourth-, and fifth-category (volunteering, home-study, and decision-making) on academic performance. The outcome shows that girls perform better in school than boys.

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