Main Article Content
This academic article aims to analyze the society and culture of ancient Chinese through the art of ancient Chinese carved rhinoceros horns using the concept of Social History of Art and Art History.
The results of the analysis revealed that the primary characteristics of ancient Chinese society were those in which rare resources were acquired to show the potential of power and economy, especially in the elite. While the art patterns appearing on the rhinoceros horn reflected social characteristics the beliefs of the elite are the main. The pattern has changed according to the era but is based on the beliefs of Buddhism, Taoism, and Confucianism rotation and patterns that are blended with external art caused by trade on the Silk Road and the development of relationships with foreign countries.