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Suriadi Mappangara, Muhammad Rizky Prawira, Nahdia Nur


The beginning of the 20th century can be said as a miniature of the complexity problems on Indonesian Modern Nationalism. The indicators are the strength of foreign domination, the strength of bureaucratic feudalism, the plurality of thoughts and organizations that grow in society, the weak position of the people in general, both mentally, intellectually and economically. People expect the birth of a leader figure who acts as a "savior". This study attempts to describe how the role and challenges of Tjokroaminoto as a leader in establishing an Indonesian Modern Nationalism through Islam Sarekat (SI). Through the historical methodology and assisted by the approaches and concepts of riligion, social and culture, it was discovered that by understanding the tawheed  mind well, Tjokroaminoto was able  to be an independent, enlightened, socially responsible person, and willingly bear a risk for a change good. His presence was missed by the people, and the people also held it with a great title. The noble mission of Tjokroaminoto as the leader who wanted to enlighten the people had to weaken and fade, because Islam Sarekat (SI) was infiltrated by the Communist mind, "the wrong thouht, but righteous", brought by Semaun, his student and comrade. Tjokroaminoto must also be able to see his noble mission is weakened systematically, because it is unable to survive the hit of a virus called " Mind Communist".

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