SOLUTIONS TO IMPROVE AWARENESS AND IMPROVE KNOWLEDGE, ATTITUDE, PRACTICE (KAP) ABOUT COVID-19 FOR ETHNIC MINORITY PEOPLES IN GIA LAI PROVINCE, VIETNAM
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COVID-19 is a global health threat and an international public health emergency. Right awareness, good knowledge, positive attitude, and good practice are one of the central issues to ensure the successful prevention and control of the COVID-19 pandemic. However, in some remote rural areas with difficult living conditions, social media about COVID-19 has not reached them. So, this study aims to present a possible solution to improve their awareness about COVID-19 among ethnic minorities in Gia Lai province, Vietnam. This study was conducted with 674 people in the community from September 1 to December 20, 2021. An intervention design using the stratified communication model and structured questionnaire was used to collect information regarding sociodemographic characteristics, knowledge (eight questions), attitudes (three questions), and practice (three questions). Of the total study participants, 64.31% were female and 95% lived in rural areas. The results showed that the poor knowledge, attitude and practice of the before intervention group improved compared to the after intervention and compared with the control group significantly increased with P < 0.05. Therefore, health education programs to improve awareness and raise KAP about COVID-19 are essential, especially for illiterate people, poor people, and a lack of means to communicate.
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