Situations related to health risk in families living in an urban sector of Pereira Risaralda, 2020
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Introduction: Risk conditions for family health in the community of Pereira were identified in 2020. Methods: a quantitative, descriptive study of 107 families with prior informed consent. Family assessment instruments were applied, considering the feasibility of identifying and interviewing the families. Given that the pilot sample consisted of 10 families, which was larger than the size suggested by the calculations. Results: The total number of people in the 107 families visited was 538. Seventy-five percent of the people visited came from the department of Risaralda, 10% from municipalities in Antioquia, 12% from Chocó and 3% from Venezuela. Their distribution according to gender corresponds to 56% women and 44% men. Fifty-four percent and 30% have primary and secondary education, respectively; 12% have technical education, only 3% have an undergraduate degree, and 1% have postgraduate studies; the largest number of people per family nucleus is between 4 and 5 people (37%), followed by 40% between 2 and 3 people, the remaining 23% corresponds to the most significant number of members between 6 and 9. Conclusion: In the families, risk conditions related to educational level, family composition and, therefore, changes in family typology are identified; occupation is related to informal employment. Communication difficulties are evidenced in the families, which implies the need to design an educational strategy that allows their intervention.
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