Factors of reading comprehension in elementary school students of a rural educational institution in the sub-region of Los Montes de Maria in the department of Bolivar - Colombia

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José Morelos Gómez, Harold Lora Guzman, Diego Cardona Arbeláez


This research article identified the factors associated with weak reading comprehension in a group of students enrolled in elementary school in a rural educational institution at high risk of forced displacement and armed violence located in the sub-region of Los Montes de Maria in the department of Bolivar, Colombia. The methodology used was descriptive with a mixed approach, that is, qualitative, quantitative, explanatory and inferential, which allowed, through a holistic and rational approach, to identify the factors that affect the reading comprehension of the selected population corresponding to 79 students, 52 parents and 5 teachers. The results showed that 57% of the students with medium evaluation grades expressed having ease in the interpretation of the texts read, i.e., this is related to the difficulties (28%) that the students express have with the interpretation of the text read and its correlation with the existing objects in the surrounding environment.

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