A Multivariate Analysis Of Aggression And Big Five Personality Traits In Relation To Temperature And Gender

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Naresh Behera , Sipra Khuntia


The current study examined the impact of temperature and gender on aggression and personality traits. A sample of 225 college professionals aged 30 to 55 years was selected for the study. The two instruments were used: the aggression questionnaire (Buss & Perry, 1992) and the Big five Personality Inventory (John & Srivastava, 1999). The current study utilized a multivariate design, and MANOVA was used for data analysis. The results revealed that aggression, agreeableness, conscientiousness, and openness to experience were influenced by the factor of gender, but extraversion and neuroticism were not influenced by it. The temperature influenced aggression and impacted four traits of the big five personalities i.e., extraversion, agreeableness, conscientiousness, and neuroticism, but openness to experience was not affected by temperature. The aggression and openness to experience were not also moderated by gender and temperature. The non-AC classroom teachers scored higher on the aggression levels than AC college teachers. AC classroom teachers were found to be more sociable, friendly, competent, organized, careful, self-disciplined, enthusiastic, and forceful compared to those who were working or sitting in non-AC classrooms. The male college teachers scored high on agreeableness, conscientiousness, and openness to experience traits, and they were also more agreeable with others and social rules, and they were having more conscientiousness about activities and curiosity to explore things and drive toward achievement than female college teachers.

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