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India is the only nation to have introduced an environmental tribunal after Australia and New Zealand which has been created under National Green Tribunal Act, 2010 known as the ‘National Green Tribunal’ (NGT), which is a fast-track judicial body formed with the objective of addressing the issues about the environment at the national level.
The environmental disputes are distinctive and complex in nature so it needs a capability in different fields (like biology, sociology, economics, administration, management and law etc.) to resolve the environmental matters in effective and expeditious manner which is not possible with a regular judicial and administrative set up in India. National Green Tribunal is an institutional mechanism for enhancing access to environmental justice in India and work very well to fulfilled the real objectives of the establishment
The establishment of the tribunal was undoubtedly a noble step in addressing environmental disputes in Indian society. But every step comes with its own loopholes and challenges. In this paper scholar has analysis and discusses about the significant provisions, its pros and cons with the applicability and the challenges faced by the tribunals.
With the aid of appropriate judgments delivered by National Green Tribunal scholar has focus on the role played by the NGT towards environment protection. The study is doctrinal in nature and therefore reliance has been placed on secondary sources to complete the study.