The Elderly Person’ Life Cognitive Competencies Necessary For Daily Living: Evidence In Thailand

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Asst. Prof. Tongluck Boontham , Sukanya Boonsri


Changing the aging global society is a growing population in society. New measures and ideas for managing aging are important in the dimensions of the elderly persons’ life cognitive competencies necessary for daily living, including in Thailand. This objective of this study were to:1) study which the self-assessment of the elderly according to the framework of cognitive competencies necessary for daily living. According to quantitative analysis, including (1) Health, (2) Social, and (3) Economic and 2) the confirmatory factor analysis was performed to determine the construct validity. Stratified random sampling method was governed so as to select 1,200 the elderly's living in Thailand, aged between 60-75 years old as samples. Questionnaires of rating 5 scales was governed as the study tool. Descriptive statistic and t-test were governed to analyze data, and LISREL Analysis was applied to revision of the consistency of the data.

The results of comparative analysis of self-assessment of the elderly, cognitive competencies necessary for living of the elderly done by t-test, found that male and female have the knowledge necessary for living without statistically significant difference at the .05 level and the elderly aged 60-65 and 66-75 have the knowledge necessary for living in Thailand with statistically significant difference at the .05 level. The results of consistency of the model revealed that the model was consistent with empirical data providing Chi-square (χ^2 = 15.750, df = 10, p = 0.107) which presented probability at 0.05, GFI =0.997, AGFI = 0.985, RMR =0.003, and RMSEA = 0.023.

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