WUS' Perception Of VIA Detection Examination Early Cancer Of Cervic With Approach Health Belief Model In Community Health Center Sudiang Raya Makassar City
Main Article Content
Cervical cancer is a form of malignancy that occurs in the cervix caused by abnormal tissue growth. The government has carried out an early detection program for cervical cancer through an VIA examination. The participation of women to carry out the VIA (Visual inspection with acetic acid) examination is still low. According to the Health Belief Model (HBM) theory, the decision to participate in preventing or detecting a disease is determined by many factors including knowledge, perceived vulnerability, perceived severity, perceived benefits, and perceived barriers. This study aims to determine the perception of WUS on the VIA examination for early detection of cervical cancer at the Sudiang Raya Public Health Center, Makassar City. The type of research used is quantitative with cross-sectional method. The sample size is 257 respondents, the sampling is done by consecutive sampling. Data analysis used chi-square test and logistic regression test. The results showed that there was a significant relationship between knowledge (p = 0.037), perceived threat (p = 0.000), and perceived barriers (p = 0.000) on the VIA examination for early detection of cervical cancer. While the perception of benefits (p = 0.743) there is no significant relationship. The most related factor is perceived obstacle Exp (B) = 6.153. Perceptions of barriers that are less or not afraid are 6,153 times more likely to carry out an VIA examination compared to respondents who have a perception of sufficient barriers or feel afraid. Therefore, it is necessary to provide information about the importance of VIA examination in early detection of cervical cancer so that the perception of WUS barriers can be overcome.