Research Articles

School–Specific Subjective Wellbeing and Emotional Problems among High School Adolescents

Yılmaz Kaplan

Journal of Positive School Psychology , Vol. 1 No. 1 (2017), 12 April 2017, Page 1-9

  Wellbeing is a broad concept, and includes all manner of healthy and successful human functioning, and comprised of people’s both private and public wellbeing experiences. The purpose present study investigated the predictive effect of students subjective wellbeing on several specific adolescents’ emotional problems, including anxiety, depression, negative self–concept, somatization, and hostility. Participants of the study comprised of 541 high school students attending two public high schools in a small city of Turkey. They were 39.6% female and 60.4% male adolescents, ranging in age from 14 to 18 years (Mean = 16.19, SD = 1.11). Findings from Pearson product-moment correlation analysis indicated small–to–moderate associations between subjective wellbeing and anxiety, depression, negative self–concept, somatization, hostility, and overall problems. Additionally, the path analyses demonstrated the predictive effect of school–specific subjective wellbeing on adolescents’ emotional problems, and students with higher level of subjective wellbeing had lower level of anxiety, depression, negative self-concept, somatization, hostility, and overall emotional problems. The results were discussed in context of literature, and several suggestions were presented for research and practice.

Initial Development and Validation of the Positive Teacher Scale

Ali Eryılmaz

Journal of Positive School Psychology , Vol. 1 No. 1 (2017), 12 April 2017, Page 10-21

  In literature, positive features of teachers have been investigated under many dimensions. Positive teacher studies focus more on positive teacher-student relationships. Although there are measurement tools that measure positive student-teacher relationships in the literature, there are no tools of measuring the positive teacher characteristics in a comprehensive way. The aim of this study is to develop a scale that measure positive teacher qualities. Parallel with the aim of the present study, a cross sectional research design was used. In this study, scale development process was followed. Item preparations, item analysis, exploratory and confirmatory factor analysis, reliability and validity analysis have been considered in this study. The data were collected form university students (203 individuals in exploratory analysis group; 209 individuals in confirmatory analysis group). According to factor analysis results, the scale which is consist of six dimensions which are named such as “satisfying students’ need for competence”, “building positive relationships with students”, “concretize the subject which is taught”, “being extravert”, “supporting students’ flow experience” and “supporting students’ class engagement” has 66.01% explained variance. In the future some studies might be carried out via Positive Teacher Scale.

Attachment to Parents and Resilience Among High School Students

Şirin Erdem

Journal of Positive School Psychology , Vol. 1 No. 1 (2017), 12 April 2017, Page 22-33

  The purpose of this study was to investigate the relationships between attachment to parents and resilience of adolescents in a Turkish sample of high school students, which consisted of 451 volunteers (252 females and 199 males), ranging in age from 15 to 19 years. To collect information about research variables, ‘Short Form of Inventory of Parent and Peer Attachment’ and ‘Child and Youth Resilience Measure’ were used. The analysis was conducted in two steps. In the first step, descriptive statistics and correlations between variables were calculated; in the second step, stepwise multiple regression analysis was conducted to estimate the relative contributions of the attachment to parents as predictor variables to the variance in resilience. One of the major findings of this study is that significant positive relationships exist between the attachment to mother and father and resilience. Another major finding of this study is that both attachment to mother and father significantly contributed to the variance in resilience and attachment to mother has the highest contribution to resilience..

Internet Addiction and Subjective Well-Being in University Students

Pınar Koç

Journal of Positive School Psychology , Vol. 1 No. 1 (2017), 12 April 2017, Page 34-41

  While the internet brings some conveniences to the life of the individual, it may cause some problems from the other side. One of the most important problems encountered in recent years regarding internet usage is problematic usage of the internet or internet addiction. The aim of this study is to analyze the relationship between internet addiction and subjective well-being in university students. 293 university students studying at the state university participated in the study. The age of the participants varies between 17 and 33. The average age is 19.42 (SD= 1.29). %63 of the participants are female and %37 are male. Regression analysis has been used in the analysis of the data. The results of the analysis show that positive feelings and life satisfaction predict internet addiction negatively; but negative feelings predict the internet addiction in a positive way. The findings have been discussed and some suggestions have been made

Positive Psychology in Turkey: A Review Study of Postgraduate Theses

Bülent Baki Telef

Journal of Positive School Psychology , Vol. 1 No. 1 (2017), 12 April 2017, Page 42-52

  The aim of this study was to examine the trends of postgraduate theses in psychology, psychiatry, and education related to positive psychology in Turkey. The sample consisted of 204 masters’ and doctoral theses written in the fields of psychology, psychiatry, and education in relation to positive psychology between 2005 and 2015 for which access was permitted. The “Thesis Classification Form” prepared by the researchers was used as a data collection tool. The findings are presented with percentage and frequency tables. The content analysis technique was used for analysis. Studies conducted in the field of positive psychology have increased in recent years. Studies were mostly conducted on the subject of life satisfaction, based on the quantitative method and screening model, in the field of psychology, with university students. The findings obtained in this study will contribute to the work of researchers who study positive psychology.