The Role of Self- Compassion in College Students’ Perceived Social Support
Journal of Positive School Psychology ,
Vol. 4 No. 1 (2020),
11 April 2020
AbstractCan undergraduate students’ self-compassion, or their relationship with themselves, positively influence the degree to which they feel supported by their friends? This paper investigated how social information processing theory (SIP) may explain the relations between student’s self-compassion and perceived social support from friends. Results revealed that self-compassion impacts social information processing mechanisms and perceived social support from friends. Students with higher self-compassion are less likely to make hostile attributions, less likely to respond in aggressive ways, and more likely to respond in socially appropriate ways, which, in turn, was related to greater perceived support from friends.
- College students, first-year students, social information processing, self-compassion, perceived social support, friendships
How to Cite
Bluth, K., Roberson, P. N. E., Gaylord, S. A., Faurot, K. R., Grewen, K. M., Arzon, S., & Gridler, S. S. (2016). Does self-compassion protect adolescents from stress? Journal of Child and Family Studies, 25(4), 1098-1109. doi:10.1007/s10826-015-0307-3
Breines, J. G., McInnis, C. M., Kuras, Y. I, Thoma, M. V., Gianferante, D., Hanlin, L., . . . Rohleder, N. (2015). Self-compassionate young adults show lower salivary alpha-amylase responses to repeated psychosocial stress. Self and Identity, 14(4), 390-402. doi:10.1080/15298868.2015.1005659
Brodar, K. E., Crosskey, L. B., & Thompson, R. J., Jr. (2015). The relationship of self-compassion with perfectionistic self-presentation, perceived forgiveness, and perceived social support in an undergraduate Christian community. Journal of Psychology and Theology, 43(4), 231.
Chu, P. S., Saucier, D. A., & Hafner, E. (2010). Meta-analysis of the relationships between social support and well-being in children and adolescents. Journal of Social and Clinical Psychology, 29(6), 624-645. doi:10.1521/jscp.2010.29.6.624
Coccaro, E. F., Fanning, J., & Lee, R. (2017). Development of a social emotional information processing assessment for adults (SEIP-Q): Social emotion information processing in adults. Aggressive Behavior, 43(1), 47-59. doi:10.1002/ab.21661
Coccaro, E. F., Noblett, K. L., & McCloskey, M. S. (2009). Attributional and emotional responses to socially ambiguous cues: Validation of a new assessment of social/emotional information processing in healthy adults and impulsive aggressive patients. Journal of Psychiatric Research, 43(10), 915-925. doi:10.1016/j.jpsychires.2009.01.012
Crick, N. R., & Dodge, K. A. (1994). A review and reformulation of social information-processing mechanisms in children’s social adjustment. Psychological Bulletin, 115(1), 74-101. doi:10.1037/0033-2909.115.1.74
Crick, N. R., & Dodge, K. A. (1996). Social information-processing mechanisms in reactive and proactive aggression. Child Development, 67(3), 993-1002. doi:10.1111/j.1467-8624.1996.tb01778.x
Crocker, J., & Canevello, A. (2008). Creating and undermining social support in communal relationships: The role of compassionate and self-image goals. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 95+(3), 555-575. doi:10.1037/002-35188.8.131.525
Enders, C. K. (2001). The impact of nonnormality on full information maximum-likelihood estimation for structural equation models with missing data. Psychological Methods, 6(4), 352-370. doi:10.1037//1082-989X.6.4.352
Fontaine, R. G., & Dodge, K. A. (2006). Real-time decision-making and aggressive behavior in youth: A heuristic model of response evaluation and decision (RED). Aggressive Behavior, 32(6), 604-624. doi:10.1002/ab.20150
Fontaine, R. G., Yang, C., Dodge, K. A., Bates, J. E., & Pettit, G. S. (2008). Testing an individual systems model of response evaluation and decision (RED) and antisocial behavior across adolescence. Child Development, 79(2), 462-475. doi:10.1111/j.1467-8624.2007.01136.x
Friedlander, L. J., Reid, G. J., Shupak, N., & Cribbie, R. (2007). Social support, self-esteem, and stress as predictors of adjustment to university among first-year undergraduates. Journal of College Student Development, 48(3), 259-274. doi:10.1353/csd.2007.0024
Lemerise, E. A., & Arsenio, W. F. (2000). An integrated model of emotion processes and cognition in social information processing. Child Development, 71(1), 107-118. doi:10.1111/1467-8624.00124
Muthén & Muthén (2019). Mplus (Version 8.4). Los Angeles, CA: Muthén & Muthén.
Neff, K. (2003). Self-compassion: An alternative conceptualization of a healthy attitude toward oneself. Self and Identity, 2(2), 85-101. doi:10.1080/15298860309032
Neff, K. D. (2015). The self-compassion scale is a valid and theoretically coherent measure of self-compassion. Mindfulness, 7(1), 264-274. doi:10.1007/s12671-015-0479-3
Neff, K. D., & Beretvas, S. N. (2013). The role of self-compassion in romantic relationships. Self and Identity, 12(1), 78-98. doi:10.1080/15298868.2011.639548
Neff, K. D., & McGehee, P. (2010). Self-compassion and psychological resilience among adolescents and young adults. Self & Identity, 9(3), 225-240. doi:10.1080/15298860902979307
Neff, K. D., & Pommier, E. (2013). The relationship between self-compassion and other-focused concern among college undergraduates, community adults, and practicing meditators, Self and Identity, 12(2), 160-176. doi:10.1080/15298868.2011.649546
Peters, C. L. O., & Enders, C. (2002). A primer for the estimation of structural equation models in the presence of missing data: Maximum likelihood algorithms. Journal of Targeting, Measurement and Analysis for Marketing, 11(1), 81.
Rayle, A. D., & Chung, K. (2007). Revisiting first-year college students’ mattering: Social support, academic stress, and the mattering experience. Journal of College Student Retention, 9(1), 21-37. doi:10.2190/X126-5606-4G36-8132
Taylor, S. E. (2011). Social support: A review. In Friedman H. S., ed. (2011). Oxford Handbook of Health Psychology. New York: Oxford University Press.
Yarnell, L. M., & Neff, K. D. (2013). Self-compassion, interpersonal conflict resolutions, and well-being. Self and Identity, 12(2), 146-159. doi:10.1080/15298868.2011.649545
Zimet, G. D., Dahlem, N. W., Zimet, S. G., & Farley, G. K. (1988). The multidimensional scale of perceived social support. Journal of Personality Assessment, 52, 30-41.
Zimet, G. D., Powell, S. S., Farley, G. K., Werkman, S., & Berkoff, K. A. (1990). Psychometric characteristics of the multidimensional scale of perceived social support. Journal of Personality Assessment, 55(3/4), 610-617.
- Abstract Viewed: 154 times
- Download PDF Downloaded: 189 times