Acceptance and Commitment Therapy with Ecological Systems Theory: Addressing Muslim Mental Health Issues and Wellbeing
Download PDF
Download PDF

How to Cite

Tanhan, A. (2019). Acceptance and Commitment Therapy with Ecological Systems Theory: Addressing Muslim Mental Health Issues and Wellbeing. Journal of Positive Psychology and Wellbeing, 3(2), 197-219. Retrieved from http://journalppw.com/index.php/JPPW/article/view/172
Creative Commons License

This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 4.0 International License.

Abstract

Muslims across the word underutilize mental health services for addressing their wellbeing and biopsychosocial, spiritual, and contextual issues. By 2030, the global Muslim population is expected to reach 2.2 billion people. This indicates that Muslim mental health is gaining importance and would require contextually (i.e., spiritually, culturally, empirically) more effective services. Practitioners used Acceptance and Commitment Therapy (ACT) and Ecological Systems Theory (EST) to promote wellbeing and address psychopathology for diverse groups. However, rigorous and comprehensive literature from 1986 to 2019 did not produce research addressing how ACT could be consumed to serve Muslims. Researchers in Muslim mental health have suggested benefitting from EST yet only few have mentioned using ACT. ACT is one of the most effective therapies based on randomized control trials to enhance wellbeing and address psychopathology. The main purposes of this paper are to (a) explain how ACT is one of the most appropriate counseling approaches to be utilized with Muslims because ACT and Islam have many commonalities and (b) propose ACT with EST perspective to enable a much more contextual perspective of ACT so that mental health professionals could promote wellbeing and address psychopathology at all ecological levels for all, starting with Muslims. With the arrival of third and fourth wave of counseling approaches, the use of positive psychology in research and practice has increased dramatically. ACT, Islam, and EST also highly stress a positive approach perspective thus considering of ACT and EST together might promise more effective research and practice in positive and abnormal psychology.

Keywords

Muslim mental health, acceptance and commitment therapy, ecological systems theory, positive psychology, wellbeing, counseling

References

Aasdahl, L., Paper, K., Vasseljen, O., Johnsen, R., Gismervik, S., Halsteinli, V., … Fimland, M. S. (2018). Effect of inpatient multicomponent occupational rehabilitation versus less comprehensive outpatient rehabilitation on sickness absence in persons with musculoskeletal- or mental health disorders: A randomized clinical trial. Journal of Occupational Rehabilitation, 28, 170-179. doi:10.1007/s10926-017-9708-z

Abdel-Khalek, A. M. (2011). Religiosity, subjective well-being, self-esteem, and anxiety among Kuwaiti Muslim adolescents. Mental Health, Religion & Culture, 14(2), 129-140. doi:10.1080/13674670903456463

Ahmed, S., Abu-Ras, W., & Arfken, C. L. (2014). Prevalence of risk behaviors among US Muslim college students. Journal of Muslim Mental Health, 8(1). doi:10.3998/jmmh.10381607.0008.101

Adam, Z., & Ward, C. (2016). Stress, religious coping and wellbeing in acculturating Muslims. Journal of Muslim Mental Health, 10(2). doi:10.3998/jmmh.10381607.0010.201

Altalib, H. H., Elzamzamy, K., Fattah, M., Ali, S. S., & Awaad, R. (2019). Mapping global Muslim mental health research: analysis of trends in the English literature from 2000 to 2015. Global Mental Health, 6. Doi:10.1017/gmh.2019.3

American Counseling Association. (2014). ACA code of ethics. Alexandria, VA: Author.

Amidisimakani, R., Najarpourian, S., & Samavi, S. A. (2018). The effectiveness of acceptance and commitment therapy (ACT) on boredom and marital commitment in married women. Research in Clinical Psychology and Counseling, 7(2), 55-68.

Amri, S., & Bemak, F. (2013). Mental health help-seeking behaviors of Muslim immigrants in the United States: Overcoming social stigma and cultural mistrust. Journal of Muslim Mental Health, 7(1). doi:10.3998/jmmh.10381607.0007.104

Arfken, C. L., & Ahmed, S. (2016). Ten years of substance use research in Muslim populations: Where do we go from here? Journal of Muslim Mental Health, 10(1).doi:10.3998/jmmh.10381607.0010.103

Arfken, C. L., Alsaud, M., Mischel, E. F., Haddad, L.,Sonderman, S., Lister, J. J., & Javanbakht, A. (2018). Recent Iraqi refugees: Association between ethnic identification and psychological distress. Journal of Muslim Mental Health, 12(2), 1-12. doi:10.3998/jmmh.10381607.0012.201

Arredondo, P., Tovar-Blank, Z. G., & Parham, T. A. (2008). Challenges and promises of becoming a culturally competent counselor in a sociopolitical era of change and empowerment. Journal of Counseling & Development, 86, 261–268. doi:10.1002/j.1556-6678.2008.tb00508.x

Arslan, G. (2016). Psychological maltreatment, emotional and behavioral problems in adolescents: The mediating role of resilience and self-esteem. Child Abuse & Neglect, 52, 200-209. doi:10.1016/j.chiabu.2015.09.010

Arslan, G. (2017). Psychological maltreatment, forgiveness, mindfulness, and internet addiction among young adults: A study of mediation effect. Computers in Human Behavior, 72, 57-66. doi:10.1016/j.chb.2017.02.037

Arslan, G., & Tanhan, A. (2019). Ergenlerde okul aidiyeti, okul işlevleri ve psikolojik uyum arasındaki ilişkinin incelenmesi. Yaşadıkça Eğitim, 33(2), 318-332. doi:10.33308/26674874.2019332127

Association for Contextual Behavioral Science. (2019). ACT Randomized Controlled Trials since 1986. Retrieved from https://contextualscience.org

Avey, J. B., Wernsing, T. S., & Mhatre, K. H. (2011). A longitudinal analysis of positive psychological constructs and emotions on stress, anxiety, and well-being. Journal of Leadership & Organizational Studies, 18(2), 216-228. doi:10.1177/1548051810397368

Bahreini, Z., & Sanagouye-Moharer, G. (2019). Effectiveness of acceptance and commitment therapy on psychological well-being and resiliency of abandoned adolescents. Community Health (Salāmat-i ijtimāī), 6(1), 70-79. doi:10.22037/ch.v6i1.20881

Bazley, R. C., & Pakenham, K. I. (2019). Suicide prevention training for Christian faith-based organizations using acceptance and commitment therapy: a pilot controlled trial of the HOLLY program. Journal of Contextual Behavioral Science, 11, 6-14. doi:10.1016/j.jcbs.2018.11.002

Beshai, S., Clark, C. M., & Dobson, K. S. (2013). Conceptual and pragmatic considerations in the use of cognitive-behavioral therapy with Muslim clients. Cognitive therapy and research, 37(1), 197-206. doi:10.1007/s10608-012-9450-y

Bezergianov, R. (2011). Character education with chess: Useful ideas for parents, teachers, and therapists. Retrieved from https://read.amazon.com/?asin=B005AVUPNQ

Bricker, J. B., Mull, K. E., McClure, J. B., Watson, N. L., & Heffner, J. L. (2018). Improving quit rates of web-delivered interventions for smoking cessation: full scale randomized trial of WebQuit.org versus Smokefree.gov. Addiction, 113, 914-923. doi:10.1111/add.14127

Bronfenbrenner, U. (1977). Toward an experimental ecology of human development. American Psychologist, 32(7), 513–531. doi:10.1037/0003-066X.32.7.513

Bronfenbrenner, U. (1979). The ecology of human development. Harvard university press.

Cashwell, C. S., & Young, J. S. (2011). Integrating spirituality and religion into counseling: An introduction. In C. S. Cashwell & J. S. Young (Eds.), Integrating spirituality and religion into counseling: A guide to competent practice (pp. 1-10). Alexandria, VA, US: American Counseling Association.

Cashwell, C. S., Young, J. S., Fulton, C., Willis, B. T., Giordano, A. L., Wyatt, L. L., . . . Welch, M. (2013). Clinical behaviors for addressing religious/spiritual issues: Do we “Practice What We Preach”? Counseling and Values, 58, 45–58. doi:10.1002/j.2161-007X.2013.00024.x

Chaudhry, S., & Li, C. (2011). Is solution-focused brief therapy culturally appropriate for Muslim American counselees? Journal of Contemporary Psychotherapy, 41(2), 109–113. doi:10.1007/s10879-010-9153-1

Cook-Masaud, C., & Wiggins, M. I. (2011), Counseling Muslim women: Navigating cultural and religious challenges. Counseling and Values, 55, 247–256. doi:10.1002/j.2161-007X.2011.tb00035.x

Creswell, J. D. (2017). Mindfulness interventions. Annual Review of Psychology, 68(1), 491–516. doi:10.1146/annurev-psych-042716-051139

Corti, C., Pergolizzi, F., Vanzin, L., Cargasacchi, G., Villa, L., Pozzi, M., & Molteni, M. (2018). Acceptance and commitment therapy-oriented parent-training for parents of children with autism. Journal of Child and Family Studies, 27(9), 2887-2900.

Council on American-Islamic Relations. (2015). Islam basics. Retrieved from http://www.cair.com/publications/about-islam.html

Cullen, C. (2008). Acceptance and commitment therapy (ACT): A third wave behaviour therapy. Behavioural and Cognitive Psychotherapy, 36(6), 667-673. doi:10.1017/S1352465808004797

Dashte Bozorgi, Z., & Homaei, R. (2019). Effect of acceptance and commitment intervention on eating behaviors of obese female students in primary school. Quarterly Journal of Child Mental Health, 6, 42-53.

Deci, E. L., & Ryan, R. M. (2000). The" what" and" why" of goal pursuits: Human needs and the self-determination of behavior. Psychological inquiry, 11(4), 227-268. doi:10.1207/S15327965PLI1104_01

Dehghani, M., Saf, A. D., Vosoughi, A., Tebbenouri, G., & Zarnagh, H. G. (2018). Effectiveness of the mindfulness-acceptance-commitment-based pproach on athletic performance and sports competition anxiety: a randomized clinical trial. Electronic Physician, 10(5), 6749-6755. doi:10.19082/6749

Diener, E. (2000). Subjective well-being: The science of happiness and a proposal for a national index. American psychologist, 55(1), 34. doi:10.1037/0003-066X.55.1.34

Diener, E., Lucas, R. E., & Oishi, S. (2012). Subjective well-being: The science of happiness and life satisfaction. In S. J. Lopez & C. R. Snyder (Eds.), Oxford library of psychology. Oxford handbook of positive psychology (pp. 187-194). New York, NY, US: Oxford Press.

Diener, E., & Seligman, M. E. (2002). Very happy people. Psychological science, 13(1), 81-84. doi:10.1111/1467-9280.00415

Ducasse, D., Jaussent, I., Arpon-Brand, V., Vienot, M., Laglaoui, C., Béziat, S., … Olié, E. (2018). Acceptance and commitment therapy for the management of suicidal patients: A randomized controlled trial. Psychotherapy and Psychosomatics, 87, 211-222. doi:10.1159/000488715

Durlak, J. A., Weissberg, R. P., Dymnicki, A. B., Taylor, R. D., & Schellinger, K. B. (2011). The impact of enhancing students’ social and emotional learning: A meta-analysis of school-based universal interventions. Child Development, 82, 405-432. doi:10.1111/j.1467-8624.2010.01564.x

Elkassem, S., Csiernik, R., Mantulak, A., Kayssi, G., Hussain, Y., Lambert, K., ... & Choudhary, A. (2018). Growing up Muslim: The impact of islamophobia on children in a Canadian community. Journal of Muslim Mental Health, 12(1), 3-18. doi:10.3998/jmmh.10381607.0012.101

Eustis, E. H., Hayes-Skelton, S. A., Orsillo, S. M., & Roemer, L. (2018). Surviving and thriving during stress: A randomized clinical trial comparing a brief web-based therapist assisted acceptance-based behavioral intervention versus waitlist control for college students. Behavior Therapy, 49, 889-903. doi:10.1016/j.beth.2018.05.009

Faezipour, M., Ghanbaripanah, A., Seyedalinaghi, S., Hajiabdolbaghi, M., & Voltarelli, F. (2018). Effectiveness of acceptance and commitment therapy on reducing depression among people living with HIV/AIDS. Journal of International Translational Medicine, 6(3), 125-129. doi:10.11910/2227-6394.2018.06.03.04

Finnes, A., Enebrink, P., Sampaio, F., Sorjonen, K., Dahl, J., Ghaderi, A., Nager, A., & Feldman, I. (2019). Cost-effectiveness of acceptance and commitment therapy and a workplace intervention for employees on sickness absence due to mental disorders. Journal of Occupational and Environmental Medicine, 59, 1211-1220. doi:10.1097/JOM.0000000000001156

Fledderus, M., Bohlmeijer, E. T., Smit, F., & Westerhof, G. J. (2010). Mental health promotion as a new goal in public mental health care: A randomized controlled trial of an intervention enhancing psychological flexibility. American Journal of Public Health, 100(12), 2372–2378. doi.org/10.2105/AJPH.2010.196196.

Fredrickson, B. L., Cohn, M. A., Coffey, K. A., Pek, J., & Finkel, S. M. (2008). Open hearts build lives: positive emotions, induced through lovingkindness meditation, build consequential personal resources. Journal of personality and social psychology, 95(5), 1045–1062. doi:10.1037/a0013262

Gharraee, B., Tajrishi, K. Z., Farani, A. R., Bolhari, J., & Farahani, H. (2018). The effectiveness of acceptance and commitment therapy for social anxiety disorder. International Journal of Life science and Pharma Research, 8(4), 1-9. doi:10.22376/ijpbs/lpr.2018.8.4.L1-9

Givehki, R., Afshar, H., Goli, F., Scheidt, C. E., Omidi, A., & Davoudi, M. (2018). Effect of acceptance and commitment therapy on body image flexibility and body awareness in patients with psychosomatic disorders: A randomized clinical trial. Electronic Physician, 10(7), 7008-7016. doi:10.19082/7008

González-Fernández, S., Fernández-Rodríguez, C., Paz-Caballero, M. D., & Pérez-Álvarez, M. (2018). Treating anxiety and depression of cancer survivors: Behavioral activation versus acceptance and commitment therapy. Psicothema, 30, 14-20. doi:10.7334/psicothema2017.396

Grazzi, L., Bernstein, C., Raggi, A., Sansone E., Grignani E., Searl, M., & Rizzoli, P. (2019). ACT for migraine: Effect of acceptance and commitment therapy (ACT) for high-frequency episodic migraine without aura: Preliminary data of a phase-II, multicentric, randomized, open-label study. Neurological Sciences, 40 (Suppl 1), 191-192. doi:10.1007/s10072-019-03802-w

Grégoire, S., Lachance, L., Bouffard, T., & Dionne, F. (2018). The use of acceptance and commitment therapy to promote mental health and school engagement in university students: A multi-site randomized controlled trial. Behavior Therapy, 3, 360-372. doi:10.1016/j.beth.2017.10.003

Grim, B. J., & Hsu, B. (2011). Estimating the global Muslim population: Size and distribution of the world's Muslim population. Interdisciplinary Journal of Research on Religion, 7.

Haque, A., Khan, F., Keshavarzi, H., & Rothman, A. E. (2016). Integrating Islamic traditions in modern psychology: Research trends in last ten years. Journal of Muslim Mental Health, 10(1). doi:10.3998/jmmh.10381607.0010.107

Haque, O. S., Lenfest, Y., & Peteet, J. R. (2019). From disability to human flourishing: how fourth wave psychotherapies can help to reimagine rehabilitation and medicine as a whole. Disability and rehabilitation, 1-7. doi:10.1080/09638288.2019.1602674

Hayes, S. C. (2004). Acceptance and commitment therapy, relational frame theory, and the third wave of behavioral and cognitive therapies. Behavior Therapy, 35(4), 639-665. doi:10.1016/S0005-7894(04)80013-3

Hayes, S. C. (2010). The ACT model and approach [DVD 3]. United States: Premier Education Solutions.

Hayes, S. C. (2019). ACT immersion: An introduction to ACT as a process-based therapy [Online ACT course]. https://act.courses

Hayes, S. C., Strosahl, K. D., & Wilson, K. G., (2012). Acceptance and commitment therapy: The process and practice of mindful change (2nd ed.). New York, NY: The Guilford Press.

Heintzelman, S. J., & Diener, E. (2019). Subjective well-being, social interpretation, and relationship thriving. Journal of Research in Personality, 78, 93-105. doi:10.1016/j.jrp.2018.11.007

Herbert, J. D., Forman, E. M., Kaye, J. L., Gershkovich, M., Goetter, E., Yuen, E. K., Glassman, L., Goldstein, S., Hitchcock, P., Tronieri, J. S., Berkowitz, S., & Marando-Blanck, S. (2018). Randomized controlled trial of acceptance and commitment therapy versus traditional cognitive behavior therapy for social anxiety disorder: Symptomatic and behavioral outcomes. Journal of Contextual Behavioral Science, 9, 88-96. doi:10.1016/j.jcbs.2018.07.008

Hofer, P. D., Waadt, M., Aschwanden, R., Milidou, M., Acker, J., Meyer, A. H., Lieb R., & Gloster, A. T. (2018). Self-help for stress and burnout without therapist contact: An online randomised controlled trial. Work & Stress, 32, 189-208. doi:10.1080/02678373.2017.1402389

Inayat, Q. (2002). The meaning of being a Muslim: An aftermath of the twin towers episode. Counselling Psychology Quarterly, 15(4), 351-358. doi:10.1080/0951507021000050203

Isgandarova, N. (2018). Muraqaba as a mindfulness-based therapy in Islamic psychotherapy. Journal of religion and health, 58(4), 1146-1160. doi:10.1007/s10943-018-0695-y

Järvelä-Reijonen, E., Karhunen, L., Sairanen, E., Muotka, J., Lindroos, S., Laitinen, J., … Hayes, S. C. (2012). A randomized trial of ACT bibliotherapy on the mental health of K-12 teachers and staff. Behaviour Research and Therapy, 50(9), 571-579. doi:10.1016/j.brat.2012.05.008

Kansky, J., & Diener, E. (2017). Benefits of well-being: Health, social relationships, work, and resilience. Journal of Positive Psychology and Wellbeing, 1(2), 129-169. Retrieved from http://www.journalppw.com/index.php/JPPW/article/view/20

Kaplick, P. M., & Skinner, R. (2017). The evolving Islam and psychology movement. European Psychologist. 22(3), 198–204. doi:10.1027/1016-9040/a000297

Karekla, M., & Constantinou, M. (2010). Religious coping and cancer: Proposing an acceptance and commitment therapy approach. Cognitive and Behavioral Practice, 17(4), 371-381. doi:10.1016/j.cbpra.2009.08.003

Kim, E. K., Furlong, M. J., & Dowdy, E. (2019). Adolescents’ personality traits and positive psychological orientations: Relations with emotional distress and life satisfaction mediated by school connectedness. Child Indicators Research, 1-19. doi:10.1007/s12187-019-9619-y

Khan, Z. (2006). Attitudes toward counseling and alternative support among Muslims in Toledo, Ohio. Journal of Muslim Mental Health, 1(1): 21-42. doi:10.1080/15564900600654278

Khawaja, N. G., & Khawaja, S. (2016). Acculturative issues of Muslims in Australia. Journal of Muslim Mental Health, 10(2), 43-53. doi:10.3998/jmmh.10381607.0010.203

Kocovski, N. L., Fleming, J. E., Blackie, R. A., MacKenzie, M. B., & Rose, A. L. (2019). Self-help for social anxiety: Randomized controlled trial comparing a mindfulness and acceptance-based approach with a control group. Behavior Therapy, 50, 696-709. doi:10.1016/j.beth.2018.10.007

Kushlev, K., Drummond, D. M., Heintzelman, S. J., & Diener, E. (2019). Do happy people care about society’s problems? Journal of Positive Psychology, 1-11. doi:10.1080/17439760.2019.1639797

Kyllönen, H. M., Muotka, J., Puolakanaho, A., Astikainen, P., Keinonen, K., & Lappalainen, R. (2018). A brief acceptance and commitment therapy intervention for depression: A randomized controlled trial with 3-year follow-up for the intervention group. Journal of Contextual Behavioral Science, 10, 55-63. doi:10.1016/j.jcbs.2018.08.009

Lappalainen, R., & Kolehmainen, M. (2018). The effects of acceptance and commitment therapy on eating behavior and diet delivered through face-to-face contact and a mobile app: A randomized controlled trial. International Journal of Behavioral Nutrition and Physical Activity, 15:22. doi:10.1186/s12966-018-0654-8

LeBlanc, S., Uzun, B., & Aydemir, A. (2019). Structural relationship among mindfulness, reappraisal and life satisfaction: The mediating role of positive affect. Current Psychology, 1-10. doi:10.1007/s12144-019-00383-x

Lee, E. B., Haeger, J. A., Levin, M. E., Ong, C. W., & Twohig, M. P. (2018). Telepsychotherapy for trichotillomania: A randomized controlled trial of ACT enhanced behavior therapy. Journal of Obsessive-Compulsive and Related Disorders, 18, 106-115. doi:10.1016/j.jocrd.2018.04.003

Levin, M. E., Haeger, J., & Cruz, R. A. (2019). Tailoring acceptance and commitment therapy skill coaching in the moment through smartphones: Results from a randomized controlled trial. Mindfulness, 10(4), 689-699. doi:10.1007/s12671-018-1004-2

Lin, J., Paganini, S., Sander, L., Lüking, M., Ebert, D. D., Buhrman, M., … Baumeister, H. (2017). An internet-based intervention for chronic pain: A three-arm randomized controlled study of the effectiveness of guided and unguided acceptance and commitment therapy. Deutsches Ärzteblatt International, 114, 681-688. doi:10.3238/arztebl.2017.0681

Lowe, S. R., Tineo, P., & Young, M. N. (2018). Perceived discrimination and major depression and generalized anxiety symptoms: in Muslim American college students. Journal of religion and health, 1-10. doi:10.1007/s10943-018-0684-1

Marcionetti, J., & Rossier, J. (2016). Global life satisfaction in adolescence: The role of personality traits, self-esteem, and self-efficacy. Journal of Individual Differences, 37, 135–144. doi:10.1027/1614-0001/a000198

McClure, J. B., Bricker, J., Mull, K., & Heffner, J. L. (2019). Acceptance and commitment therapy for adults with advanced cancer (CanACT): A feasibility randomised controlled trial. Psycho-Oncology, 28, 488-496. doi:10.1002/pon.4960

Molander, P., Hesser, H., Weineland, S., Bergwall, K., Buck, S., Malmlöf, J. J., … Andersson, G. (2018). Internet-based acceptance and commitment therapy for psychological distress experienced by people with hearing problems: A pilot randomized controlled trial. Cognitive Behaviour Therapy, 47, 169-184. doi:10.1080/16506073.2017.1365929

Moore, S., & Diener, E. (2019). Types of subjective well-being and their associations with relationship outcomes. Journal of Positive Psychology and Wellbeing, 1-12. Retrieved from http://journalppw.com/index.php/JPPW/article/view/118

Moyer, D. N., Page, A. R., McMakin, D. Q., Murrell, A. R., Lester, E. G., & Walker, H. A. (2018). The impact of acceptance and commitment therapy on positive parenting strategies among parents who have experienced relationship violence. Journal of Family Violence, 33, 269-279. doi:10.1007/s10896-018-9956-5

Muto, T., Hayes, S. C., & Jeffcoat, T. (2011). The effectiveness of acceptance and commitment therapy bibliotherapy for enhancing the psychological health of Japanese college students living abroad. Behavior Therapy, 42(2), 323-335. doi:10.1016/j.beth.2010.08.009

Padela, A. I., Killawi, A., Forman, J., DeMonner, S., & Heisler, M. (2012). American Muslim perceptions of healing: Key agents in healing, and their roles. Qualitative Health Research 22(6), 846-858. doi:10.1177/1049732312438969

Päivi, L., Sitwat, L., Harri, O. K., Joona, M., & Raimo, L. (2019). ACT for sleep-internet-delivered self-help ACT for sub-clinical and clinical insomnia: A randomized controlled trial. Journal of Contextual Behavioral Science, 12, 119-127. doi:10.1016/j.jcbs.2019.04.001

Paliliunas, D., Belisle, J., & Dixon, M. R. (2018). A randomized control trial to evaluate the use of acceptance and commitment therapy (ACT) to increase academic performance and psychological flexibility in graduate students. Behavior Analysis in Practice, 11, 241-253. doi:10.1007/s40617-018-0252-x

Pew Research Center. (2018). New estimates show U.S. Muslim population continues to grow. Retrieved from https://www.pewresearch.org/fact-tank/2018/01/03/new-estimates-show-u-s-muslim-population-continues-to-grow/

Phillips, D., & Lauterbach, D. (2017). American Muslim immigrant mental health: The role of racism and mental health stigma. Journal of Muslim Mental Health, 11(1), 39-56. doi:10.3998/jmmh.10381607.0011.103

Pleger, M., Treppner, K., Diefenbacher, A., Schade, C., Dambacher, C. & Fydrich, T. (2018). Effectiveness of acceptance and commitment therapy compared to CBT+: Preliminary results. The European Journal of Psychiatry, 32(4), 166-173. doi:10.1016/j.ejpsy.2018.03.003

Proctor, B. J., Moghaddam, N. G., Evangelou, N. & Das Nair, R. (2018). Telephone-supported acceptance and commitment bibliotherapy for people with multiple sclerosis and psychological distress: A pilot randomised controlled trial. Journal of Contextual Behavioral Science, 9, 103-109. doi:10.1016/j.jcbs.2018.07.006

Puolakanaho, A., Lappalainen, R., Lappalainen, P., Muotka, J. S., Hirvonen, R., Eklund, K., … Kiuru, N. (2019). Reducing stress and enhancing academic buoyancy among adolescents using a brief web-based program based on acceptance and commitment therapy: A randomized controlled trial. Journal of Youth and Adolescence, 48, 287-305. doi:10.1007/s10964-018-0973-8

Rasooli, A. A. B., & Kalantari, M. (2018). Based on acceptance and commitment therapy on depression, self-esteem and body image concerns, after the first birth, women in Kashan city. Scientific Journal of Hamadan Nursing & Midwifery Faculty, 26(2), 103-112. doi:10.30699/sjhnmf.26.2.103

Razavi, S. B., Aboalghasimi, S., Akbari, B., & Nadirinabi, B. (2019). Effectiveness of acceptance and commitment therapy on feeling hope and pain management of women with chronic pain. Journal of Anesthesiology and Pain, 10(1), 36-49.

Rohani, F., Rasouli-Azad, M., Twohig, M. P., Ghoreishi, F. S., Lee, E. B., & Akbari, H. (2018). Preliminary test of group acceptance and commitment therapy on obsessive-compulsive disorder for patients on optimal dose of selective serotonin reuptake inhibitors. Journal of Obsessive-Compulsive and Related Disorders, 16, 8-13. doi:10.1016/j.jocrd.2017.10.002

Sarizadeh, M. S., Rafienia, P., Sabahi, P., & Tamaddon, M. R. (2018). The effectiveness of acceptance and commitment therapy on quality of life in hemodialysis patients: A randomized controlled trial study. Journal of Rafsanjan University of Medical Sciences, 17(3), 241-252. Retrieved from https://www.sid.ir/en/journal/ViewPaper.aspx?ID=598752

Sayyar, S., Ghanbari, M. R., Omid, A., Scheidt, C. S., Givehki, R., & Mohammadian, R. (2019). Effectiveness of acceptance and commitment therapy on psychosomatic symptoms and mindfulness in patients with psychosomatic disorder. Journal of Practice in Clinical Psychology, 7(2), 79-86. doi:10.32598/jpcp.7.2.79

Schulz, E. (2019). Perceived wellbeing as related to spirituality and stress management: A case study of the Purna health management system. Journal of Positive Psychology and Wellbeing, 1-14. Retrieved from http://journalppw.com/index.php/JPPW/article/ view/94

Seligman, M. E., & Csikszentmihalyi, M. (2014). Positive psychology: An introduction. In flow and the foundations of positive psychology (pp. 279-298). Springer, Dordrecht.

Simister, H. D., Tkachuk, G. A., Shay, B. L., Vincent, N., Pear, J. J., & Skrabek, R. Q. (2018). Randomized controlled trial of online acceptance and commitment therapy for fibromyalgia. The Journal of Pain, 19(7), 741-753. doi:10.1016/j.jpain.2018.02.004

Spidel, A., Daigneault, I., Kealy, D. & Lecomte, T. (2019). Acceptance and commitment therapy for psychosis and trauma: Investigating links between trauma severity, attachment and outcome. Behavioural and Cognitive Psychotherapy, 47,230-243. doi:10.1017/S1352465818000413

Springer, J. M., (2012). Acceptance and commitment therapy: Part of the “Third Wave” in the behavioral tradition. Journal of Mental health Counseling, 34(3). 205-212. doi:10.17744/mehc.34.3.9110205883653735

Stefan, S., Cristea, I. A., Tatar, A. S., & David, D. (2019). Cognitive‐behavioral therapy (CBT) for generalized anxiety disorder: Contrasting various CBT approaches in a randomized clinical trial. Journal of Clinical Psychology, 75, 1188-1202. doi:10.1002/jclp.22779

Soheilian, S. S., & Inman, A. G. (2009). Middle Eastern Americans: The effects of stigma on attitudes toward counseling. Journal of Muslim Mental Health, 4(2): 139-158. doi:10.1080/15564900903245766

Sommers-Spijkerman, M. P. J., Trompetter, H. R., Schreurs, K. M. G., & Bohlmeijer, E. T. (2018). Compassion-focused therapy as guided self-help for enhancing public mental health: A randomized controlled trial. Journal of consulting and clinical psychology, 86(2), 101. doi:10.1037/ccp0000268

Stuntz, C. P. (2018). Differences in character strengths levels and associations with positive outcomes across contexts. Journal of Positive Psychology and Wellbeing, 3(1), 45-61. Retrieved from http://www.journalppw.com/index.php/JPPW/article/view/82

Sun, S., Hoyt, W. T., Brockberg, D., Lam, J., & Tiwari, D. (2016). Acculturation and enculturation as predictors of psychological help-seeking attitudes (HSAs) among racial and ethnic minorities: A meta-analytic investigation. Journal of Counseling Psychology, 63(6), 617. doi:10.1037/cou0000172

Tanhan, A. (2014). Spiritual strength: The use of Acceptance and Commitment Therapy (ACT) with Muslim clients (Unpublished master’s thesis). University of Rochester, Rochester, NY.

Tanhan, A. (2017). Mental health issues and seeking of formal mental health services among Muslims in the southeastern U.S.: Preliminary investigation of a contextual theoretical framework based on the theory of planned behavior/theory of reasoned action and the social ecological model. Retrieved from https://search.proquest.com/docview/1927630253?accountid=15329

Tanhan, A. (2018). Beginning counselors’ supervision in counseling and challenges and supports they experience: Based on developmental models. Adıyaman Üniversitesi Eğitim Bilimleri Dergisi, 8(1), 49-71. doi:10.17984/adyuebd.336222

Tanhan, A., & Francisco, V. T. (2019). Muslims and mental health concerns: A social ecological model perspective. Journal of Community Psychology, 47(4), 964-978. doi:10.1002/jcop.22166

Tanhan, A., Kurt, S. Ç., Yerlikaya, İ., Nalbant, A., Uğur, E., & Çiçek, İ. (2019). Individual counseling’s effect on college clients’ quality of life: A quasi-experimental study with pretest-posttest and control group. Manuscript submitted for publication.

Tanhan, A., & Strack, R. W. (2019). Online photovoice to explore and advocate for Muslim mental health: Ecological system theory and ally development. Manuscript submitted for publication.

Tanhan, A., & Young, J. S. (2018). Muslims and mental health services: A concept map and a theoretical framework. Manuscript submitted for publication.

Tol, W. A., Augustinavicius, J., Carswell, K., Leku, M. R., Adaku, A., Brown, … Van Ommeren, M. (2018). Feasibility of a guided self-help intervention to reduce psychological distress in South Sudanese refugee women in Uganda. World Psychiatry, 17, 234-235. doi:10.1002/wps.20537

Tummala-Narra, P., & Claudius, M. (2013). A qualitative examination of Muslim graduate international students’ experiences in the United States. International Perspectives in Psychology: Research, Practice, Consultation, 2(2), 132–147. doi:10.1037/ipp0000003

Twohig, M. P., Abramowitz, J. S., Smith, B. M., Fabricant, L. E., Jacoby, R. J., Morrison, K. L., … Lederman, T. (2018). Adding acceptance and commitment therapy to exposure and response prevention for obsessive-compulsive disorder: A randomized controlled trial. Behaviour Research and Therapy, 108, 1-9. doi:10.1016/j.brat.2018.06.005

Visted, E. V., Vøllestad, J. J., Nielsen, M. M., & Schanche, E. E. (2018). Emotion regulation in current and remitted depression: A systematic review and meta-analysis. Frontiers in Psychology, 9(756), 1–20. doi:10.3389/fpsyg.2018.00756.

Wells‐Di Gregorio, S. M., Marks, D. R., DeCola, J., Peng, J., Probst, D., Zaleta, A., … Magalang, U. (2019). Pilot randomized controlled trial of a symptom cluster intervention in advanced cancer. Psycho‐Oncology, 28(1), 76-84. doi:10.1002/pon.4912

Wicaksana, I. G. A. T., Wahju, T., Eko, R., & Yudara, P. (2018). The effect of acceptance and commitment therapy (ACT) on anxiety levels in elderly living at Panti Sosial Tresna Werdha (PSTW) Bali. Public Health of Indonesia, 4, 83-90.

Wide, U., Hagman, J., Werner, H., & Hakeberg, M. (2018). Can a brief psychological intervention improve oral health behaviour? A randomised controlled trial. BCM Oral Health, 18(163), 1-8. doi:10.1186/s12903-018-0627-y

Wiklund, T., Linton, S. J., Alföldi, P., & Gerdle, B. (2018). Is sleep disturbance in patients with chronic pain affected by physical exercise or ACT-based stress management?–A randomized controlled study. BMC musculoskeletal disorders, 19(1), 111. doi:10.1186/s12891-018-2020-z

Wilson, K. G., & DuFrene, T. (2009). Mindfulness for two: An acceptance and commitment therapy approach to mindfulness in psychotherapy. New Harbinger Publications.

Yavuz, K. F., (2016). ACT and Islam. In J. A. Nieuwsma, R. D. Walser, & S. C. Hayes, (Eds.), ACT for clergy and pastoral counselors: Using acceptance and commitment therapy to bridge psychological and spiritual care (pp. 139-148). Oakland, CA, US: New Harbinger Publications.

Yildirim, M., & Belen, H. (2019). The role of resilience in the relationships between externality of happiness and subjective well-being and flourishing: A structural equation model approach. Journal of Positive Psychology and Wellbeing, 3(1), 62-76. Retrieved from http://www.journalppw.com/index.php/JPPW/article/view/85

York Al-Karam, C. (2018). Islamic psychology: Towards a 21st century definition and conceptual framework. Journal of Islamic Ethics, 2(1-2), 97-109. doi:10.1163/24685542-12340020

Young, J. S., Cashwell, C. S., & Shcherbakova, J. (2000). The moderating relationship of spirituality on negative life events and psychological adjustment. Counseling and Values, 45(1), 49-57. doi:10.1002/j.2161-007X.2000.tb00182.x

Downloads

Download data is not yet available.